Set during contemporary World War IIit focuses on an American expatriate who must choose between his love for a woman and Casablanca woman her and her husband, a Czech Resistance leader, escape from the Vichy -controlled city of Casablanca to continue his fight against the Nazis.
Wallis to purchase the film rights to the play in January Brothers Julius and Philip G. Epstein were initially assigned to write the script.
However, despite studio resistance, they left to work on Frank Capra 's Why Casablanca woman Fight series early in Howard Koch was assigned to the screenplay until the Epsteins returned a month later. Principal photography began on May 25,ending on August 3; the film was shot entirely at Warner Bros. Although Casablanca was an A-list film Casablanca woman established stars and first-rate writers, no one involved with its production expected it to be anything other than one of the hundreds of ordinary pictures produced by Hollywood that year.
The film was a solid if unspectacular success in its initial run. Exceeding expectations, Casablanca went on to win the Academy Award for Best Picturewhile Curtiz was selected as Best Director and the Epsteins and Koch were honored for writing the Best Adapted Screenplay —and gradually its reputation grew.
Its lead characters,   memorable lines,    and pervasive theme song  have all become iconicand the film Casablanca woman ranks near the top of lists of the greatest films in history.
In December Casablanca woman, American expatriate Rick Blaine owns an upscale Casablanca woman and gambling den in Casablanca. Although Rick professes to be neutral in all matters, he ran guns to Ethiopia during its war with Italy and fought on the Loyalist side in the Spanish Civil War.
Petty crook Ugarte boasts to Rick of "letters of transit" obtained by murdering two German couriers. The papers allow the bearers to travel freely around German-occupied Europe and Casablanca woman neutral Portugaland are priceless to the refugees stranded in Casablanca.
Ugarte plans to sell them at Casablanca woman club, and asks Rick to hold them. Before he can meet his contact, Ugarte is arrested by the local police under the command of Captain Louis Renault, the unabashedly corrupt Vichy prefect of police. Ugarte dies in custody without revealing that he entrusted the letters to Rick. Then the reason for Rick's bitterness—former lover Ilsa Lund—enters his establishment. She is accompanied by her husband, Victor Laszlo, a renowned fugitive Czech Resistance leader.
They need the letters to escape to America to Casablanca woman his work. German Major Strasser has come to Casablanca to see that Laszlo fails.
When Laszlo makes inquiries, Ferrari, a major underworld figure and Rick's friendly business rival, divulges his suspicion that Rick has the letters. Privately, Rick refuses to sell at any price, telling Laszlo to ask his wife the reason. Laszlo orders the house band to play " La Marseillaise ". When the band looks to Rick, he nods his head. Laszlo starts singing, alone at first, then patriotic fervor grips the crowd and everyone joins in, drowning out the Germans.
Strasser demands Renault close the club, which he does on the pretext of suddenly discovering there is gambling on the premises.
When he refuses to give her the letters, she threatens him with a gun, but then confesses that she still loves him. She explains that when they met and fell in love in Paris inshe believed her husband had been killed attempting to escape from a concentration camp.
While preparing to flee with Rick from the imminent fall of the city to the German army, she learned Laszlo was alive and in hiding. She left Rick without explanation to nurse her sick husband. He agrees to help, letting her believe she will stay with him when Laszlo leaves. When Laszlo unexpectedly shows up, having Casablanca woman escaped a police raid on a Resistance Casablanca woman, Rick has waiter Carl spirit Ilsa away.
Laszlo, aware of Rick's love Casablanca woman Ilsa, tries to persuade him to use the letters to take Casablanca woman to safety. When the police arrest Laszlo on a minor, trumped-up charge, Rick persuades Renault to release him by promising to set him up for a much more serious crime: To allay Renault's suspicions, Rick explains that he and Ilsa will be leaving for America.
When Renault tries to arrest Laszlo as arranged, Rick forces him at gunpoint to assist in their escape. At the last moment, Rick makes Ilsa board the plane to Lisbon with Laszlo, telling her that she would regret it if she stayed—"Maybe not today, maybe not tomorrow, but soon and for the rest of your life. Rick shoots him when he tries to intervene.
When policemen arrive, Renault pauses, then orders them to "round up the usual suspects. As they walk away into the fog, Rick says, "Louis, I think this is the beginning of a beautiful friendship".
The play's cast consisted of 16 speaking parts and several extras; the film script enlarged it to 22 speaking parts and hundreds of extras.
The top-billed actors are: Much of the emotional impact of the film has been attributed Casablanca woman the large proportion of European exiles and refugees who were extras or played minor roles in addition to leading actors Paul Henreid, Conrad Veidt and Peter Lorre: A witness to the filming of the "duel of the anthems" sequence said he saw many of the actors crying and "realized that they were all real refugees".
The comedian Jack Benny may have had an unbilled cameo role, as was claimed by a contemporary newspaper advertisement  and in the Casablanca press book. That's all I can say. The Jack Benny Fan Club can feel vindicated. The entire picture was shot in the studio, except for the sequence showing Major Strasser's arrival, which was filmed at Van Nuys Airportand a few Casablanca woman clips of stock footage views of Paris.
The background of the final scene, which shows a Lockheed Casablanca woman 12 Electra Junior airplane with personnel walking around it, was staged using little person extras and a proportionate cardboard plane. Film critic Roger Ebert called Hal Wallis the "key creative force" for his attention to the details of production down to insisting on a real parrot in the Blue Parrot bar.
The difference between Bergman's and Bogart's height caused some problems. Casablanca woman, there were plans for a further scene, showing Rick, Renault and a detachment of Free French soldiers on a ship, to Casablanca woman the Allies' invasion of North Africa. It proved too difficult to get Claude Rains for the shoot, and the scene was finally abandoned after David O.
Selznick judged "it would be a Casablanca woman mistake to change the ending. The original play was inspired by a trip to Europe made by Murray Burnett and his wife induring which they visited Vienna shortly after the Anschluss and were affected by the anti-Semitism they saw.
In the south of France, they went to a nightclub that had a multinational clientele, among them many exiles and refugees, and the prototype of Sam. As Tangier was in Spanish territory, the theatre's wartime bar heaved with spies, refugees and underworld hoods, securing its place in cinematic history as the inspiration for Rick's Cafe in Casablanca.
The first writers assigned to the script were twins Julius and Philip Epstein who, against the wishes of Warner Brothersleft at Frank Capra 's request early in to work on the Why We Fight series in Washington, D. Koch later commented, "When we began, we didn't have a finished Casablanca woman Ingrid Bergman came to me and said, 'Which man should I love more?
In the play, the Ilsa character is an American named Lois Meredith; she does not meet Laszlo until after her relationship with Rick in Paris has ended. Rick is a lawyer. To make Rick's motivation more believable, Wallis, Curtiz, and the screenwriters decided to set the film before the attack on Pearl Harbor.
The uncredited Casey Robinson assisted with three weeks of rewrites, including contributing the series of meetings between Rick and Ilsa in the cafe. Bogart had to be called in a month after the end of filming to dub it.
Despite the many writers, the Casablanca woman has what Ebert describes as a "wonderfully unified and consistent" script. Koch later claimed it was the tension between his own approach and Curtiz's which accounted for this: But when corn works, there's nothing better.
The film ran into some trouble with Joseph Breen of the Production Code Administration the Hollywood self-censorship bodywho opposed the suggestions that Captain Renault extorted sexual favors from Casablanca woman supplicants, and that Rick and Ilsa had slept together.
All direct references to sex were deleted; Renault's Casablanca woman of visas for sex, and Rick and Ilsa's previous sexual relationship were implied elliptically rather than referenced explicitly.
The script has been subject to a significant amount of Casablanca woman. One of the lines most closely associated with the film—"Play it again, Sam"—is inaccurate. Play ' As Time Goes By '. The other five are:. Additionally, the line "Ilsa, I'm no good at being noble, but it doesn't take much to see that the problems of three little people don't amount to a hill of beans in this crazy world" was nominated for the list.
Wallis's first choice for director was William Wylerbut he was unavailable, so Wallis turned to his close friend Michael Curtiz. Roger Ebert has commented that Casablanca woman Casablanca "very few shots Casey Robinson said Curtiz "knew nothing whatever about story Critic Andrew Sarris called the film "the most decisive exception to the auteur theory ",  of which Sarris was the most prominent proponent in the United States.